Defuncts' Day (All Souls Day) -
Friday November 2, 2018
Secular holiday : This is an ancient festivity that has been much transformed through the years,but which was intended in prehispanic Mexico to celebrate children and the dead. This holiday is a time when Mexican families remember their dead and the continuity of life. The original celebration can be traced to the Aztec civilization, in the month of Miccailhuitontli, presided by the Lady of the Dead , goddess Mictecacihuatl and dedicated to children and the dead. This celebration is also observed in other countries in Latin América. Families visit the graves and engage in sprucing up the gravesite, decorating it with flowers, setting out and eating a festive picnic.
Republic Day -
Thursday November 15, 2018
Secular holiday : When in 1822 Brazil became independent, Don Pedro was the emperor. In 1865 Brazil became involved in a bloody five-year war with Paraguay. In 1888 slavery was abolished and in 1889, the emperor was overthrown by the military. Republic was installed.
Zumbi dos Palmares - Black Consciousness Day -
Monday November 20, 2017
Secular holiday : Zumbi dos Palmares was a warlord in the independent kingdom of Palmares. This kingdom had been founded in the seventeenth century by slaves insurgents in the north-eastern Brazil.
This day celebrates the first liberation of slaves.
Established as a federal public holiday in 2007.
Summer holiday (beginning) -
Friday December 15, 2017
School holidays :
Christmas Day -
Monday December 25, 2017
Catholic or protestant : Since pre-historic times in Europe, festivities (bonfires, offrerings) were marking the beginning of longer hours of daylight with fires and ritual. The Roman festival of Saturnalia lasted several days in December (gambling and offerings). Germanic tribes also celebrated mid-winter (drinking and rituals). The Bulgarian (with Koleduvane) and the Polish (with Gwiazdka) perpetuate this tradition. Jesus of Nazareth was probably born in springtime (Reformists favour autumn). But in the 4th century, December 25th was chosen for the celebration of his birth by Pope Julius I (Bishop Liberus is also mentioned in 354 A.D.). Thus, a Christian element was introduced in the long-established mid-winter festivals. Before 1582, the Papal States and other Italian city states celebrated New Year’s Day on Christmas Day.
New Year's Eve (half day) -
Friday December 29, 2017
Secular holiday :